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Chengdu-Chongqing Economic Circle: A New Growth Driver in Western China

Source: Science and Technology Daily| 2021-11-04 09:54:51| Author: CHEN Chunyou

A glimpse of Chongqing’s night view.(PHOTO: VCG)

By CHEN Chunyou

China released its master plan for the construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle in the southwest of the country on October 20.

The Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle is another important regional development strategy, following the Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei region, the Yangtze River Delta region, and the Guangdong-Hong Kong-Macao Greater Bay Area.

The plan proposes nine key tasks, including building a new pattern for the economic development of the two cities, jointly building a modern infrastructure network, a modern industrial system, a sci-tech innovation center with international influence, an ecological protective fence, a new base for reform and opening-up in the inland regions, and promoting integrated urban-rural development.

Covering about 185,000 square kilometers, the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle had a permanent population of about 96 million and a GDP of nearly 6.3 trillion RMB in 2019, accounting for 6.9 percent and 6.3 percent of the national total respectively.

According to the plan, all urban areas will be covered by the 5G network, and the economic circle will see a marked improvement in new infrastructure and stronger capabilities in safeguarding energy security by 2025.

Besides, universities in the region are encouraged to enroll students from all over the world and introduce respected postdoctoral researchers and young scholars. The joint construction of institutes, and R&D centers by top universities and research institutes at home and abroad is supported, which will offer long-term, flexible and attractive research positions.

In the future, the Chengdu-Chongqing region will promote construction of the Chengdu-Chongqing comprehensive science center, said the plan. In addition, it will optimize the layout of innovation space, improve the ability of collaborative innovation and create an innovation-encouraging policy environment, which jointly serves to build higher-level sci-tech innovation platforms and promote a higher-level collaborative innovation.

The region will also focus on developing strategic products in the fields of nuclear energy, aerospace, smart manufacturing and electronic information. A number of major sci-tech infrastructures will be appropriately equipped in the Sichuan Tianfu New Area and the Chongqing Hi-tech Industrial Development Zone, jointly building a hub for sci-tech innovation, said the plan.

A regional collaborative innovation system will be basically completed in the region, with the investment in R&D reaching about 2.5 percent of its GDP, and the contribution rate of sci-tech progress reaching 63 percent by 2025.

In the next five years, the Chengdu-Chongqing economic circle will witness great progress in economic strength, development vitality and international influence. The region's role of supporting the country's high-quality development will be significantly enhanced.

By 2035, the economic circle will develop into an active growth pole and a powerful driver with international influence, said the plan.


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